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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / White Spotted Jellyfish
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Species Profiles

White Spotted Jellyfish

White spotted jellyfish - USGS, Dan MartinScientific name: Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld 1884 (ITIS)

Common names: White spotted jellyfish, Australian spotted jellyfish

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Australia and the Philippines (Graham et al. 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1981 in California (Carlton and Geller 1993)

Means of Introduction: Probably entered from the Pacific Ocean through the Panama Canal on the hulls of ships (Graham et al. 2003)

Impacts: Preys on native species; negatively impacts shrimp industry by clogging nets and damaging fishing equipment (Perry et al. 2000)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Southeastern U.S. coastal region

Images:

Selected Resources:

Partnership

Invasive Species Compendium - Phyllorhiza punctata
CAB International.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Global Invasive Species Database - Phyllorhiza punctata (jellyfish)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Government

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Phyllorhiza punctata
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

State

Academic

Australian Spotted Jellyfish
Texas State University System. Institute for the Study of Invasive Species.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Professional

White-spotted jellyfish - Introduced Marine Species of Hawai'i
Bishop Museum; University of Hawai'i.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Australian spotted jellyfish
Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area (Texas).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Citations

Carlton, J.T. and J.B. Geller. 1993. Ecological roulette: the global transport of nonindigenous marine organisms (PDF | 1.2 MB). Science 261:78-82.

Graham, W.M., D.L. Martin, D.L. Felder, V.L. Asper, and H.M. Perry. 2003. Ecological and economic implications of a tropical jellyfish invader in the Gulf of Mexico. Biological Invasions 5:53-69.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Phyllorhiza punctata. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Perry, H.M., T. Van Devender, W. Graham, D. Johnson, K. Larsen, W.D. Burke, and C. Trigg. 2000. Diaphanous denizens from down under: first occurrence of Phyllorhiza punctata in Mississippi coastal waters. Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Annual Meeting, Biloxi, Mississippi. November 6-10, 2000.

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Last Modified: Mar 20, 2015
 
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