Native To: Australia and
et al. 2003)
Date of U.S. Introduction:
First discovered in 1981 in California (Carlton and
Means of Introduction: Probably
entered from the Pacific Ocean through the Panama
Canal on the hulls of ships (Graham et al. 2003)
Impact: Preys on native species;
negatively impacts shrimp industry by clogging nets and damaging
fishing equipment (Perry et al. 2000)
Current U.S. Distribution:
Southeastern U.S. coastal region
Management Plans: Aquatic Species
Selected Internet Resources:
Australian Spotted Jellyfish
Barataria-Terrebonne National Estuary Program.
Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution
jellyfish - Introduced Marine Species of Hawai'i
Bishop Museum; University of Hawai'i.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts;
Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion
spotted jellyfish - Galveston Bay Invasive Species Risk Assessment
(PDF | 111 KB)
Galveston Bay Estuary Program.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution
Australian spotted jellyfish
Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area (Texas).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls
The Blobs of Summer -
OnEarth Magazine (2002)
Natural Resources Defense Council.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution
Carlton, J.T. and J.B. Geller. 1993. Ecological
roulette: the global transport of nonindigenous marine
organisms (PDF | 1.2 MB). Science 261:78-82.
D.L. Martin, D.L. Felder, V.L. Asper, and H.M.
Perry. 2003. Ecological
and economic implications of a tropical jellyfish invader
in the Gulf of Mexico. Biological Invasions 5:53-69.
H.M., T. Van Devender, W. Graham, D. Johnson, K.
Larsen, W.D. Burke, and C. Trigg. 2000. Diaphanous denizens from down
under: first occurrence of Phyllorhiza punctata in
Mississippi coastal waters. Gulf and Caribbean
Fisheries Institute Annual Meeting, Biloxi, Mississippi. November