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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Giant Salvinia
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Species Profiles

Giant Salvinia

Giant SalviniaScientific name: Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitch.

Common names: Giant salvinia, kariba-weed

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Brazil (McFarland et al. 2004)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1990s (McFarland et al. 2004)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: Giant Salvinia at Caddo Lake (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Horticultural trade (McFarland et al. 2004)

Impact: Forms dense mats that block sunlight and reduce oxygen levels (McFarland et al. 2004)

Current U.S. Distribution:

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Federally Regulated: Listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit (USDA, APHIS - Noxious Weeds Program)

Management Plans: Aquatic Species / Giant Salvinia

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Salvinia molesta
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell (Giant Salvinia) in the United States: A Review of Species Ecology and Approaches to Management (PDF | 3.37 MB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.Aquatic Plant Control Research Program.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Salvinia molesta Mitchell (Giant Salvinia) - Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Salvinia molesta Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Salvinia molesta - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Weevil May Help Fight Invasive Water Weed (Jul 1, 1999)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Controls

Giant Salvinia - Pest Alert (PDF | 49 KB)
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Floating Fern (Salvinia) - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Plant Profile for Salvinia molesta - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Giant Salvinia - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

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State Government

Giant Salvinia (Salvinia molesta)
Arizona Department of Agriculture.
Taxonomy; Distribution; Habitat; Legal Aspects; Special Note: References

Salvinia - EncycloWeedia
California Department of Food and Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Salvinia
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Noxious Weed Management Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Have you seen this plant? Salvinia molesta (PDF | 290 KB)
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts

Special Salvinia Alert! (PDF | 1.37 MB)
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Controls

Giant Salvinia - Vermont Invasive Exotic Plant Fact Sheet (PDF | 114 KB)
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources. Environmental Conservation.Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

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University/Academic

Salvinia molesta (Giant salvinia, Water fern) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Giant Salvinia - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Giant Salvinia - Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth
Mississippi State University. GeoResources Institute.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Giant Salvinia Wanted Poster--Dead, Not Alive! (PDF | 243 KB)
University of Nevada - Reno. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs

Giant Salvinia - Aquatic Plant Fact Sheet
North Carolina State University. Department of Crop Science.
Identification/Description; Photographs

Giant Salvinia - Biological Control of Weeds in Texas
Texas A&M University. Department of Entomology.
Identification/Description; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Giant Salvinia - Aquaplant
Texas A&M University. Texas Agricultural Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Controls

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International

Salvinia - Weed Management Guide (PDF | 431 KB)
Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Salvinia molesta (Salviniaceae)
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Salvinia
Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Weed Profile: Salvinia
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Salvinia molesta (aquatic plant) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Giant Salvinia
Colorado Weed Management Association.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Salvinia molesta
Discover Life.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Giant salvinia - Practical Guidebook to the Control of Invasive and Aquatic Wetland Plants of the San Francisco Bay-Delta Region
San Francisco Estuary Institute.
Identification/Description; Photographs

Salvinia molesta
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Salvinia molesta
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Citations

McFarland, D.G., L.S. Nelson, M.J. Grodowitz, R.M. Smart, and C.S. Owens. 2004. Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell (Giant Salvinia) in the United States: A Review of Species Ecology and Approaches to Management (PDF | 3.37 MB) U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Environmental Laboratory. ERDC/EL SR-04-2.

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Last Modified: Apr 16, 2014
 
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