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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Rusty Crayfish
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Species Profiles

Rusty Crayfish

Rusty crayfish - USGS, FISCScientific name: Orconectes rusticus (Girard, 1852)

Common name: Rusty crayfish

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Ohio River drainage (Wilson et al. 2004)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered outside of its native range in Wisconsin in the 1960s (DiDonato and Lodge 1993)

Means of Introduction: Probably through bait bucket releases (DiDonato and Lodge 1993)

Impact: Competes with native crayfish species and causes a decline in native species abundance (DiDonato and Lodge 1993)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Great Lakes Region, New England, and Eastern U.S.
    NAS Database map
    DOI. United States Geological Survey.

Images:

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Orconectes rusticus
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Rusty Crayfish
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Harmful Aquatic Hitchhikers: Crustaceans: Rusty Crayfish
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Orconectes rusticus Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Orconectes rusticus - Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Orconectes rusticus - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Special Note: Distribution maps and collection information (State and County)

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State Government

Aquatic Invasive Species: Rusty Crayfish (PDF | 131 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: Rusty Crayfish Watchcard (PDF | 110 KB)

Rusty Crayfish (PDF | 60 KB)
Iowa Department of Natural Resources.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Rusty Crayfish
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks.
Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Rusty Crayfish (PDF | 515 KB)
Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

Rusty Crayfish (Orconectes rusticus)
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Dispersion; Legal Aspects; Controls

Rusty Crayfish Fact Sheet (PDF | 68 KB)
Conservation Commission of Missouri.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Distribution

Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish)
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution;

Environmental Education for Kids: Rusty Crayfish
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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University/Academic

Aquatic Invaders: Rusty Crayfish - Aquatic Invader Toolkit (PDF | 634 KB)
Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Orconectes rusticus, Rusty Crayfish
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Rusty Crayfish: A Nasty Invader
University of Minnesota. Minnesota Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Rusty Crayfish (PDF | 255 KB)
Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

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International

Rusty Crayfish (Orconectes rusticus)
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (Canada). Invading Species Awareness Program.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Orconectes rusticus (crustacean) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Rusty Crayfish in the Great Lakes Region
Great Lakes Information Network.
Photographs; Introduction History

Rusty Crayfish: Invasive Species of Concern in Maryland
Maryland Invasive Species Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Legal Aspects

Citations

DiDonato, G.T. and D.M. Lodge. 1993. Species replacements among Orconectes crayfishes in Wisconsin lakes: the role of predation by fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50(7):1484-1488.

Wilson, K.A., J.J. Magnuson, D.M. Lodge, A.M. Hill, T.K. Kratz, W.L. Perry, and T.V. Willis. 2004. A long-term rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) invasion: dispersal patterns and community change in a north temperate lake. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61(11):2255-2266.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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