Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Search Tips
Browse by Geography
United States
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Eurasian Ruffe
Aquatic Species
Species Profiles

Eurasian Ruffe

Eurasian Ruffe

Scientific name: Gymnocephalus cernuus (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)

Synonyms: Acerina cernua (Linnaeus, 1758), Acerina czekanowskii (Dybowski, 1874), Acerina fischeri (Eichwald, 1873), Acerina vulgaris (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829), Perca cernua (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)

Common name: Eurasian ruffe

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Northern Europe and Asia (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1986 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction: Possibly via ballast water (NAS Database)

Impact: Competes with native species (NAS Database)

Current U.S. Distribution: Great Lakes


Selected Resources:


Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.


Invasive Species Compendium - Gymnocephalus cernuus
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Gymnocephalus cernuus (fish)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database - Gymnocephalus cernuus
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).


Aquatic Invasive Species: Ruffe (Oct 2005; PDF | 162 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.

Ruffe Fact Sheet (PDF | 53 KB)
Iowa Department of Natural Resources.

Aquatic Invasive Species of the Week - Eurasian Ruffe (Jun 2013; PDF | 220 KB)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Water Resources Division.

Ruffe - Field Guide to Invasive Plants and Animals
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Ecological Services Division.


Eurasian Ruffe
Minnesota Sea Grant.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Ruffe
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Fact Sheet: Eurasian Ruffe (PDF | 260 KB)
Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.


Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (Canada).

Eurasian Ruffe
Tip of the Mitt Watershed Council (Michigan).


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Gymnocephalus cernuus. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gymnocephalus cernua. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

Back to Top
Last Modified: Nov 30, 2015
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Find Management Plans
    Locate Images
    Find Experts

More ...

Aquatic Species
    Species Profiles
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer.

To view Flash files you must  have Macromedia Flash Player installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House