NOBOB-A: Assessment of Transoceanic NOBOB Vessels and Low-Salinity Ballast Water as Vectors for Non-indigenous Species Introductions to the Great Lakes (Apr 2005)
DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory; University of Michigan.
The Great Lakes NOBOB (no pumpable ballast-on-board) Assessment and Ballast Water Exchange Study was a $1.9M three-year research effort involving collaboration among six institutions and conducted by a U.S.-Canadian team of scientists.
NOBOB-B: Identifying, Verifying, and Establishing Options for Best Management Practices for NOBOB Vessels (Jun 2007)
DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory.
This project addresses the use of best ballast management practices as a framework for reducing the threat of species introductions via NOBOB (no pumpable ballast-on-board) vessels.
Invasive, and Alien Plant Species: A Challenge in Wetland Restoration & Enhancement
(Mar 2007; PDF | 6 MB)
Wetland Science Institute.
Technical Note No. 190–72
Future Introductions of Nonindigenous Species to the Great Lakes (Final
Protection Agency. EPA/600/R-08/066F.
This report predicts the spread of aquatic nonindigenous species into the Great
Lakes to help resource managers focus monitoring activities on particular species
at the most vulnerable U.S. Great Lakes
ports. The report also demonstrates the use of a habitat suitability model and
ballast water discharge data to predict invasion potential.
Report to Congress on the Voluntary National Guidelines for Ballast Water Management (Nov 2001; PDF | 2.5 MB)
American Association of Port Authorities.
The U.S. Coast Guard released their
report to congress, recommending a nation wide mandatory ballast water exchange
program. The report outlines the recommended changes in the program and includes
a projected timeline for the proposed changes.
Mandated by Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Amendments
Act of 2004 (HABHRCA)
DOC. NOAA. Center
for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research.
All U.S. coastal states have experienced HABs over the last decade,
and new species have emerged in some locations that were not previously
known to have problems. HABs occur naturally, but human activities
that disturb ecosystems in the form of increased nutrient loadings
and pollution, food web alterations, introduced species, and water
flow modifications have been linked to the increased occurrence
of some HABs.
Study: The Role of Shipping in the Introduction
of Nonindigenous Aquatic Organisms to the Coastal
Waters of the United States (other than the Great
Lakes) and an Analysis of Control Options - Final
Report (Apr 1995; PDF | 21.3 MB)
Department of Transportation.
Standards for Living
Organisms in Ship's Ballast Water Discharged
in U.S. Water
(Apr 4, 2012)
U.S. Government Accountability
Report of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service Region 5 (Feb 29, 2004)
DOI. USGS. Aquatic Resource Studies.
Includes information on identification, habitat, life history, native ranges, nonindigenous ranges, and impacts for 114 species of plants, fishes, mollusks, crustaceans, amphibians and reptiles.
Prepared by: Amy J. Benson, Colette C. Jacono, Pam L. Fuller and Elizabeth R. McKercher of U.S. Geological Survey and Myriah M. Richerson of Johnson Controls World Services, Inc.
Prepared for: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Summary Report of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 4 (Mar 30, 2001; PDF | 2.54 MB)
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Prepared by: Amy J. Benson, Pam L. Fuller and Colette C. Jacono, U.S. Geological
Survey, Biological Resources Division, Florida Caribbean Science Center
Prepared for: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Ballast Survey (NABS) Reports
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Invasive Aquatic Plant Species Program Report
Maine Department of Environmental Protection. Invasive Aquatic Species Program.
Marine Invasive Species Program - Presentations
California State Lands Commission. Marine
of Laws & Policies Concerning Exotic Invasions of the Great
Lakes (Mar 15, 1999; PDF | 1.02 MB)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.
Office of Great Lakes.
Aquatic Invasive Species in California: Existing
Policies and Policy Gaps (Jan 2011; PDF | 1.5 MB)
California State Library. California Research
This nonpartisan report has been drafted
in response to a request from the Senate Natural
Resources and Water Committee, based on concerns
that California lacks a robust framework that
can guide policy, regulatory and fiscal decisions
in response to coastal aquatic invasive species.
This report features relevant background information,
as well as a policy framework for analyzing the
challenges and opportunities of coastal aquatic
invasive species in California. The report focuses
on opportunities for improvement over six general
policy categories (Authority, Prevention, Research,
Control, Implementation, and Coordination) and
addresses the vectors, or pathways, through which
invasive species are introduced.
State of the Great Lakes: 2001 Annual Report (PDF | 27.8 MB)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Office of the Great Lakes.
Report discusses many aspects of Great Lakes water quality focusing on aquatic nuisance species control, ballast water management and the environmental and economic impacts of Annex 2001.
Aquatic Invasive Species: A Handbook for Education Efforts (2005; PDF | 3.9 MB)
University of Wisconsin. Environmental Resources Center.
Invasive Species and Coastal Water Quality for
California and Baja California Boats Kept in
Saltwater (PDF | 4.7 MB)
California Sea Grant.
Aquatic Species Invasions in the Mid-Atlantic:
Outcome-Based Actions in Vector Management -
Aquatic Invasive Species in the Mid-Atlantic
Vector Workshop Findings (2010; PDF | 3.3 MB)
Maryland Sea Grant.
Conference held Dec 2, 2009 in
- GloBallast Publications
GloBallast Partnerships Programme.
Includes GloBallast Monograph Series, and other publications such as the Ballast Water Treatment R&D Directory and the reports of the Global Task Force meetings.
Aquatic Invasive Species: Uninvited Guests (May 2003; PDF | 2.7 MB)
Parliament of Canada. House of Commons.
Report of the Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans.
From Ocean to Aquarium: The Global Trade in Marine Ornamental Species (Oct 2003; PDF | 1.1 MB)
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Published by: Colette Wabnitz, Michelle Taylor, Edmund Green, and Tries Razak.
Development Assistance and Invasive Alien Species in Freshwater
Systems in Southeast Asia (Mar 2005; PDF | 414 KB)
Oregon State University. Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support
A Report & Resource Guide for the U.S. Agency for International
National Priority Pests. Part II: Ranking of Australian Marine Pests (Feb 2005)
Australian Government. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage
and the Arts.
State of the Lakes Ecosystem Conference (SOLEC) Publications
Environment Canada; Environmental Protection Agency. Great Lakes National Program Office.
Summary of the Great Lakes Ballast Water Management Report (May
2008; PDF | 369 KB)
Great Lakes Ballast Water Working Group.
This report summarizes efforts to coordinate bi-national enforcement and compliance
efforts to reduce the likelihood of introduction of aquatic invasive species via
Living Oceans: Charting a Course for Sea Change
Pew Ocean Commission.
the Global Threat of Invasive Species to Marine Biodiversity (2008)
Nature Conservancy. ConserveOnline.
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2008; 6(9): 485-492.
A global review of marine invasive species; where they are, how they are being
introduced, and which ones are most harmful.
Closing the Pathways of Aquatic Invasive Species Across North America (Apr 11, 2001; PDF | 170 KB)
Commission for Environmental Cooperation of North America.
The Exotics Guide: Non-native Marine Species of the North American Pacific Coast (Revised Sep 2011)
San Francisco Estuary Institute; Center for Research on Aquatic Bioinvasions.
Species in U.S. Coastal
Waters: Environmental Impacts and Management
Priorities (2001; PDF | 1.6 MB)
Virginia Institute of Marine Science. Aquaculture Genetics and Breeding Technology Center.
Prepared for the Pew Oceans Commission by James T. Carlton, Williams College and Mystic Seaport.
Place - How aquatic exotic species alter Wisconsin waterways (Jun
Wisconsin Natural Resources Magazine.
Research and Management Priorities for Aquatic Invasive Species in the Great Lakes (2002)
International Association for Great Lakes Research.
Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ship's Ballast Water (1996)
National Research Council. National Academy of Sciences.
Committee on Ships' Ballast Operations, Marine Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems.
Strengthening the Connection Between Great Lakes Science and Policy: Final Report of the Great Lakes Science-Policy Initiative (Jan 22, 2003)
International Association for Great Lakes Research.
Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species
Commission for Environmental Cooperation of
This report was
developed in cooperation with experts from Canada, Mexico and the United States.
These guidelines will be used as a tool for North American resource managers
to assess the risk of introducing nonnative species into a natural ecosystem.
Maritime Industry National Town Meeting Webcast - Ballast Water
and Other Vessel Discharges: The New American Frontier (Nov
20, 2007 - 2:30 - 4:00 p.m. ET)
Recorded live from the Media Conference Facility of K&L Gates, Washington
This web cast provides a good overview and update on the issue of regulating
ballast water and other discharges from ships and legislation (S.
1578, the Ballast Water Management Act, and H.R.
2830, the Coast Guard Reauthorization Bill) before congress on this topic.