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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Chinese Mitten Crab
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Chinese Mitten Crab

Chinese Mitten CrabScientific name: Eriocheir sinensis

Common names: Chinese mitten crab

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Citizen Science: New Website Launched Making it Easier to Report Sightings of Chinese Mitten Crabs (May 2011)
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Are you a crabber, waterman, or concerned citizen? SERC needs your help to detect and assess the status of Chinese Mitten Crabs along the Atlantic and the Gulf Coasts. Recently a new website, Mitten Crab Watch, has been launched to provide information on the invasion of the mitten crab and to allow users to more easily report catches.

Mitten Crabs can have economic and ecological impacts in their introduced range, especially during periods of high abundance. Effects of mitten crabs on the East Coast are not yet known, because this is a relatively recent invasion and has not been studied. The first confirmed record on the East Coast was in 2005, a crab was caught by a commercial crabber in the Chesapeake Bay near Baltimore, Maryland.

Native To: Pacific coast of China and Korea (NAS Database 2011)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1991 (West Coast); 2005 (East Coast) (NAS Database 2011)

Images: Google

Video: Great Britain Non-Native Species Secretariat (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Ballast water (also possibly through intentional releases) (Cohen and Carlton 1997)

Impact: Interference with fish salvage operations, fish passage facilities, water treatment plants, power plants, and other facilities (Cohen and Weinstein 2001)

Current U.S. Distribution: West Coast; Great Lakes; Chesapeake Bay (NAS Database map)

Federally Regulated: Listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import, export, or transport between States without a permit (DOI, Fish and Wildlife Service)

Management Plans: Aquatic Species / Chinese Mitten Crab

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Chinese Mitten Crab
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

How to Identify a Mitten Crab (PDF | 198 KB)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts

Eriocheir sinensis
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Mitten Crab Watch
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Special Note: Initial background information - Chinese Mitten Crab Information Page

Eriocheir sinensis - National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System, Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Eriocheir sinensis Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Eriocheir sinensis - Rhode Island Marine & Estuarine Invasive Species Site
DOC. NOAA. National Estuarine Research Reserve System. Narragansett Bay Research Reserve. Coastal Training Program.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Chinese Mitten Crab - Eriocheir sinensis (PDF | 561 KB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory. Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Marine Invasive Species: Eriocheir sinensis (PDF | 586 KB)
DOI. NPS. Natural Resource Program Center.
Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Chinese Mitten Crab Surveys of San Joaquin River Basin and Suisun Marsh, California, 2000 (PDF | 2.46 MB)
DOI. United States Geological Survey.
Distribution

Eriocheir sinensis - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Special Note: Distribution maps and collection information (State and County)

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State Government

Chinese Mitten Crab
California Department of Fish and Game. Central Valley Bay-Delta Branch.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Chinese Mitten Crab Watch
Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Legal Aspects

Chinese Mitten Crab Alert for the Hudson River Estuary
New York Department of Environmental Conservation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat

Chinese Mitten Crab - Invasive Species Fact Sheet (PDF | 280 KB)
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.
Taxonomy; Introduction/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Legal Aspects

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University/Academic

Distribution, Ecology and Potential Impacts of the Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in San Francisco Bay (Jun 2000; PDF | 1.05 MB)
University of California. Water Resources Center.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Chinese Mitten Crab
Washington Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution

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International

Eriocheir sinensis - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Eriocheir sinensis - Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (Oct 2006; PDF | 195 KB)
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Biological synopsis of the chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) - Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2812 (2007; PDF | 1.5 MB)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
Hosted: Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission. Aquatic Nuisance Species Project.
Citation: Veilleux, E., and de Lafontaine, Y. 2007. Biological synopsis of the chinese
mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis). Can. Manusc. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2812: vi + 45p.

Eriocheir sinensis (PDF | 151 KB)
GoConsult. Exotics Across the Ocean.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Chinese mitten crabs
Natural History Museum (United Kingdom).
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Eriocheir sinensis - Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet (PDF | 441 KB)
North European and Baltic Network on Invasive Alien Species.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Eriocheir sinensis (crustacean) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Chinese mitten crab
Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Invader of the Month - Chinese Miten Crab (Jul 2007)
Maryland Invasive Species Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

Species: Chinese Mitten Crab (Eriocheir sinensis)
Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission. Aquatic Nuisance Species.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Bibliography

Chinese Mitten Crab - Non-Indigenous Aquatic Species of Concern for Alaska (PDF | 120 KB)
Prince William Sound Regional Citizens' Advisory Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Dispersion

Eriocheir sinensis - Guide to Marine Invaders in the Gulf of Maine (PDF | 297 KB)
Salem Sound Coastwatch. Marine Introduced Species Monitoring Resource Center.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution

Citations

Cohen, A.N. and J.T. Carlton. 1997. Transoceanic transport mechanisms: introduction of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis, to California. Pac Sci 51(1): 1-11.

Cohen, A.N. and A. Weinstein. 2001. The Potential Distribution of Chinese Mitten Crabs (Eriocheir sinensi) in Selected Waters of th Western United States with U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Facilities (PDF | 4.9 MB). Tracy Fish Collection Facilities Studies, V 21. DOI, Bureau of Reclamation.

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. 2011. Eriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab). USGS, Gainesville, FL.

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Last Modified: Mar 14, 2014
 
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