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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Melaleuca
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Species Profiles

Melaleuca

MelaleucaScientific name: Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S. T. Blake

Common names: Melaleuca, punktree, naiouli, cajeput tree, paper bark, broadleaf paper bark, broadleaf teatree, paperbark teatree, bottlebrush tree

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Australia (Masterson 2007)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Early 1900s (Masterson 2007)

Means of Introduction: Used as an ornamental and for erosion control (Masterson 2007)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Masterson 2007)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit (USDA, APHIS - Noxious Weeds Program)

Images:

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Melaleuca quinquenervia
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Blake - Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Melaleuca, Melaleuca quinquenervia: An Emerging Success (PDF | 283 KB)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Photographs; Impacts; Research

Melaleuca quinquenervia Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Melaleuca quinquenervia - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

TAME Melaleuca
University of Florida. IFAS. TAME Melaleuca.
TAME Melaleuca (collaborative effort between U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service and University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, South Florida Water Management District, and others)
Photographs; Impacts; Controls; Research

Australian Paperbark Tree (Melaleuca) - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Melaleuca - Silvics of North America, Agriculture Handbook 654, Volume 2: Hardwoods
USDA. Forest Service.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion

Melaleuca quinquenervia - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

PLANTS Database - Punktree
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Melaleuca quinquenervia - Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

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State Government

Melaleuca - Weed Alert (PDF | 1 MB)
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Introduction History; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Distribution

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University/Academic

Melaleuca
University of Florida. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Controls

Melaleuca - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Australian Paperbark (Melaleuca quinquenervia) - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

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International

Melaleuca quinquenervia - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Melaleuca quinquenervia (tree) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Melaleuca quinquenervia
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Melaleuca quinquenervia - Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (PDF | 71 KB)
Florida Exotic Plant Pest Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution

Melaleuca Management Plan: Ten Years of Successful Melaleuca Management in Florida 1988-1998 (PDF | 1.22 MB)
Florida Exotic Plant Pest Council.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Melaleuca quinquenervia
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Paperbark tree
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Melaleuca quinquenervia
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Citations

Masterson, J. 2007. Melaleuca quinquenervia. In: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory. Smithsonian Marine Station.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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