Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
   
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Search Tips
Browse by Geography
United States
International
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Plants
Animals
Microbes
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
 
You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Purple Loosestrife
Aquatic Species
  
Species Profiles

Purple Loosestrife

Purple LoosestrifeScientific name: Lythrum salicaria L.

Common names: Purple loosestrife, spiked loosestrife

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Eurasia (Munger 2002)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Exact date unknown; was established by the 1830s (Munger 2002)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: NJ Department of Agriculture - Purple Loosestrife: Beauty or Beast? (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Through ships' ballast and as an ornamental (Munger 2002)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Munger 2002)

Current U.S. Distribution:

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Aquatic Species / Purple Loosestrife

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Lythrum salicaria
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Purple Loosestrife - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Lythrum salicaria L. (Purple Loosestrife) - Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - TEKTRAN database
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Research

Lythrum salicaria Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Lythrum salicaria - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Purple Loosestrife - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Weed of the Week (Apr 10, 2005; PDF | 55 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Lythrum salicaria - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Managing Purple Loosestrife (2007; PDF | 791 KB)
USDA. NRCS. Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program; Pennsylvania State University.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Dispersion; Controls

Plant Profile for Lythrum salicaria - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Purple Loosestrife Distribution Map
DOI. National Atlas of the United States.
Distribution; Special Note: In top right menu, scroll to "Biology" (in the top right menu) and select Purple Loosestrife in "Invasive Species" section

Lythrum salicaria - Species Abstracts of Highly Disruptive Exotic Plants at Effigy Mounds National Monument
DOI. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.
Taxonomy; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Spread, Impact, and Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North American Wetlands
DOI. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

An Assessment of Exotic Plant Species of Rocky Mountain National Park: Lythrum salicaria
DOI. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.
Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Back to Top
State Government

Purple Loosestrife Project
California Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Lythrum genus - EncycloWeedia
California Department of Food and Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Purple Loosestrife
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Noxious Weed Management Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Vegetation Management Manual
Illinois Nature Preserves Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife Fact Sheet (PDF | 85 KB)
Iowa Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion

Purple Loosestrife - Invasive and Exotic Species of Maryland
Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Wildlife and Heritage Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Missouri Vegetation Management Manual
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife Management Program
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Ecological Services Division.
Photographs; Controls

Purple Loosestrife: An Exotic Menace - Environmental Fact Sheet (2007; PDF | 69 KB)
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Invasive Plants of Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Natural Areas and Preserves.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife Brochure (PDF | 112 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. Plant Industry.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife
State of Utah. Weber County Weed Abatement.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Purple Loosestrife and Purple Loosestrife Fact Sheet (PDF | 95 KB)
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources. Environmental Conservation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia (PDF | 144 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program; Virginia Native Plant Society.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Non-Native Freshwater Plants
Washington State Department of Ecology. Water Quality Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Class B Noxious Weed: Purple Loosestrife
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Purple Loosestrife
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Distribution; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: Scientific review and assessment (PDF | 68 KB)

Back to Top
University/Academic

Purple loosestrife and European wand loosestrife - Invasive Plant Species of Alaska (PDF | 168 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Natural Heritage Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Lythrum salicaria (Purple loosestrife) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Aquatic Invaders: Purple Loosestrife - Aquatic Invader Toolkit (PDF | 585 KB)
Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife)
University of Massachusetts - Boston. Biology Department. Conservation New England.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Distribution; Special Note: Animation of spread of Purple Loosestrife across Massachusetts over time

Purple Loosestrife - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2508
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Aquatic Invasive Species in the Chesapeake Bay (PDF | 120 KB)
Maryland Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Purple Loosestrife: What You Should Know, What You Can Do
Minnesota Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Lythrum salicaria L. - Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth
Mississippi State University. GeoResources Institute.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Purple Loosestrife - Noxious Weeds of Nebraska
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Purple loosestrife - Introduced Species Summary Project
(New York) Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Purple Loosestrife Page
(New York) Cornell University. Natural Resources. Ecology and Management of Invasive Plants Program.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Identification and Control of Purple Loosestrife (PDF | 137 KB)
North Dakota State University. Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide
Ohio State University. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History

Purple Loosestrife (PDF | 189 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Back to Top
International

Purple Loosestrife - Guide to Weeds in British Columbia
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture Food and Fisheries (Canada).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Lythrum salicaria - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Purple Loosestrife
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (Canada).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

Lythrum salicaria (aquatic plant, herb) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Back to Top
Organizations

Lythrum salicaria - Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands Book (2000)
California Invasive Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Purple Loosestrife
Colorado Weed Management Association.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Lythrum salicaria
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Purple Loosestrife
Montana Weed Control Association.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - BioBullies
Natural Biodiversity. Pennsylvania
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Purple loosestrife
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photograph; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Lythrum salicaria
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Purple loosestrife - Practical Guidebook to the Control of Invasive and Aquatic Wetland Plants of the San Francisco Bay-Delta Region
San Francisco Estuary Institute.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts, Habitat; Controls

Purple Loosestrife - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle, Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: Bibliography

Citations

Munger, G. T. 2002. Lythrum salicaria. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Back to Top
Last Modified: Apr 16, 2014
 
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Find Out What Species Descriptors Mean
    Locate Images
    Find Experts
   

More ...

Aquatic Species
    Species Profiles
    Databases
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    Management
    Publications
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer.

To view Flash files you must  have Macromedia Flash Player installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House