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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Sea Lamprey
Aquatic Species
  
Species Profiles

Sea Lamprey

Sea LampreyScientific name: Petromyzon marinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common name: Sea Lamprey

Click image to enlarge

Lamprey Barrier will Help Protect Lake Michigan Fishery (Apr 26, 2012)
Great Lakes Coalition. Healing Our Waters.
State and federal agencies recently completed construction of a $1.6 million sea lamprey barrier in Trail Creek, a Lake Michigan tributary in northern Indiana. The barrier will prevent sea lamprey from spawning in the creek, which will reduce the number of these monstrous, blood-sucking invaders in Lake Michigan. The barrier and other efforts to control sea lamprey are paramount to efforts to maintain a healthy Great Lakes fishery. Each sea lamprey can consume up to 40 pounds of fish during its time in the lakes.

Native To: Atlantic Ocean (Fuller et al. 2012)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in Lake Ontario in 1835 (though whether or not it is native to Lake Ontario is disputed); first discovered in Lake Erie in 1921 (Fuller et al. 2012)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources - Sea Lamprey PSA (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Spread into the Great Lakes through the Welland Canal (Fuller et al. 2012)

Impact: Preys on native species (Fuller et al. 2012)

Current U.S. Distribution: Great Lakes (NAS Database Map)

Management Plans: Aquatic Species / Sea Lamprey

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Sea Lamprey - Harmful Aquatic Hitchhikers
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Harmful Non-Native Species: Issues for Congress VII, Apr 8, 1999
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Introduction/History; Impacts; Controls

Petromyzon marinus
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Petromyzon marinus Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Fish Facts - Sea Lamprey
DOI. FWS. Connecticut River Coordinator's Office.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution

Sea Lamprey Reports
DOI. FWS. Lake Champlain Fish and Wildlife Resources Office.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Controls; Research; Special Notes: Compressed files requires "un-zip" software to open. File format is WordPerfect version 8.

Sea Lamprey Management Program
DOI. FWS. Marquette Biological Station.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls; Special Notes: Points to Sea Lamprey Management History page and others; Contacts information

Petromyzon marinus - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Special Note: Distribution maps and collection information (State and County)

Sea Lamprey: A Great Lakes Invader (PDF | 361 KB)
DOI. Great Lakes Science Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

Sea Lamprey
DOI. Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center.
Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Research

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State Government

Aquatic Invasive Species: Sea Lamprey (PDF | 177 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Sea Lamprey Control
New York Department of Environmental Conservation.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Sea Lamprey
Ohio Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat

Alien Profile: Sea Lamprey and Sea Lamprey and Control Efforts in Wisconsin
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: Suitable for any audience

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University/Academic

Sea lamprey - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Sea Lamprey - Fishes of New York State
Cornell University.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon marinus)
University of Minnesota. Minnesota Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

Sea Lamprey - Aquatic Invasive Species of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Sea Lamprey - Fish of the Great Lakes
Wisconsin Sea Grant.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Legal Aspects

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International

Petromyzon marinus - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Sea Lamprey - Species Summary
FishBase.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Sea Lamprey Control
Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Bayfield Institute.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Sea Lamprey: The Battle Continues
Minnesota Sea Grant.
Published by: Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (Canada).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Sea Lamprey
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (Canada).
Identification/Description; Impacts; Distribution

Petromyzon marinus (fish) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Sea Lamprey Control
Great Lakes Fishery Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Habitat; Controls; Special Notes: Links to other web pages and keyword searchable database; Image gallery; Contacts involved in Sea Lamprey control; Annual reports. GLIN (Great Lakes Information) partner; Special Note: Sea Lamprey Hunters Program

Welcome to the Sea Lamprey Fishtank
Great Lakes Fishery Commission.
Photographs

Sea Lamprey - Lake Champlain Basin Atlas
Lake Champlain Basin Program.
Photographs; Introduction History; Controls

Citations

Fuller, P., L. Nico, E. Maynard, J. Larson, and A. Fusaro. 2012. Petromyzon marinus. USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL.

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Last Modified: Mar 14, 2014
 
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