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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / European Green Crab
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Species Profiles

European Green Crab

European Green CrabScientific name: Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)

Common names: European green crab, shore crab, Joe rocker

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Europe (Carlton and Cohen 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1817 (East Coast); 1980s (West Coast) (Carlton and Cohen 2003)

Means of Introduction: Possibly through ballast water, hull fouling, or intentional releases (Carlton and Cohen 2003)

Impact: Preys on bivalves and other crustaceans, such as soft-shell clams and scallops (Grosholz and Ruiz 2002)

Current U.S. Distribution: North Atlantic coast; Pacific Coast

Images:

Video:

  • Green Crab (or select Play button below)
    Vital Signs Group Maine. (YouTube).

Selected Resources:

Council

European Green Crab
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Partnership

Green Crab
Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel
.

The Exotics Guide: Non-native Marine Species of the North American Pacific Coast (Revised Sep 2011) - Carcinus maenas
San Francisco Estuary Institute; Center for Research on Aquatic Bioinvasions.

Invasive Species Compendium - Carcinus maenas
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Carcinus maenas (crustacean)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Government

National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS): Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database - Carcinus maenas
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.
See also: Green Crab Research

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database - Carcinus maenas
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

European green crab (Carcinus maenas)
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).

State

Invasive Species - European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas)
Alaska Department of Fish and Game.

Aquatic Invasive Species - European Green Crab
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Aquatic Nuisance Species.

Academic

Aquatic Invaders: European Green Crab - Aquatic Invader Toolkit (PDF | 663 KB)
Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant.

Introduced Species Summary Project - European Green Crab
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Green Crab Facts
Washington Sea Grant.

Professional

Green Crab Fact Sheet - Non-Indigenous Aquatic Species of Concern for Alaska (PDF | 161 KB)
Prince William Sound Regional Citizens' Advisory Council.

Citations

Carlton, J.T. and A.N. Cohen. 2003. Episodic global dispersal in shallow water marine organisms: the case history of the European shore crabs Carcinus maenas and C. aestuarii. Journal of Biogeography 30(12):1809-1820.

Grosholz, E. and G. Ruiz. 2002. Management Plan for the European Green Crab (PDF | 517 KB) Submitted to the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Carcinus maenas. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

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Last Modified: Jun 27, 2015
 
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