Losses to Great Lakes Region by Ship-borne Invasive Species at
least $200 Million (Jul 2008; PDF | 154 KB)
A U.S. study
conducted by the Center
for Aquatic Conservation at the University
of Notre Dame and University of Wyoming suggests
invasive species brought in by ocean-going ships
may be costing the Great Lakes region more than
$200 million a year in losses to commercial fishing,
sport fishing, and the area's water supply.
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
Biological Invasions in Aquatic Systems: The Economic Problem (PDF | 251 KB)
Arizona State University.
and Ecological Costs Associated with Aquatic
Invasive Species - Aquatic Invaders of the Delaware
Estuary Symposium Proceedings - see
specific section (PDF | 9.2 MB)
National Sea Grant Library.
D. Pimentel, Proceedings of the Aquatic Invaders of the Delaware Estuary Symposium,
May 20, 2003
Economic Impacts of Aquatic Invasive Species Workshop
Office of Water.
Jul 20-21, 2005
Co-hosted by EPA Office of Water and the Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation
Invasive Species in Aquatic Ecosystems: Economics and Matrix Population
Models (2005; PDF | 192 KB)
University of New England (Australia). Graduate School of Agricultural and Resource Economics & School of Economics.
Show Invasive Species Cost the Great Lakes Millions: New Paper
Assigns Dollar Figure to Effects of Shipborne Invaders (Mar
University of Notre Dame.
Researchers assigns a dollar figure on the cost to
the Great Lakes from invasive species that originate in the ballast water of
ocean-going vessels. For the U.S. waters, median damages aggregated across multiple
ecosystem services were $138 million per year, and there is a 5% chance that
for sportfishing alone losses exceeded $800 million annually. For information,
see the journal article "Ship-borne
Nonindigenous Species Diminish Great Lakes Ecosystem Services."
Summary of a Survey of the Literature on the Economic Impact of Aquatic Weeds (Aug 2003; PDF | 80 KB)
Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Foundation.
H. William Rockwell, Jr., Ph. D, for the Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Foundation
Economic Impacts of Aquatic Invasive Species: A Review of the Literature
(Jan 2005; PDF | 564 KB)
Environmental Protection Agency.
Sabrina J. Lovell and Susan F. Stone, National
Center for Environmental Economics