Alaska Exotic Plants Information Clearinghouse (AKEPIC): Species Biography - Common Reed (Feb 17, 2011; PDF | 262 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Center for Conservation Science.
See also: Non-Native Plant Species List for additional factsheets (species biographies) and species risk assessment reports of non-native species present in Alaska and also non-native species currently not recorded in Alaska (potential invasives).
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Common Reed
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Common
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive
Species and Ecosystem Health.
New York Invasive Species Information - Common Reed
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.
Invasive Species Compendium - Phragmites australis
Global Invasive Species Database - Phragmites australis (grass)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Fragmented Phragmites: Overview and Identification of Introduced Exotic and Native Forms of Common Reed (Phragmites australis) (Jun 14, 2006; PDF | 1.73 MB)
DOI. National Park Service.
Jil Swearingen (NPS) developed the following presentation on distinguishing the native and non-native subspecies of Phragmites in the eastern U.S. (but not the Gulf Coast), drawing on information primarily from Dr. Kristin Saltonstall, now at the University of Maryland.
Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Phragmites australis
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Phragmites australis
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
PLANTS Database - Common Reed
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Reed - Invasive Plant Species Fact Sheet (Sep 2005; PDF
| 115 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Invasive Plant Species Assessment Working Group.
Common Reed: An Invasive Wetland Plant (PDF | 539 KB)
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. Water Resources. Lakes and Ponds Program.
Common Reed (May 2011; PDF | 661 KB)
Missouri Department of Conservation.
You Seen This Reed? Common Reed (Phragmites australis)
(PDF | 225KB)
State of New Hampshire. Manchester Urban Ponds Restoration Program.
Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Common Reed (PDF | 671 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
B Noxious Weed: Common Reed
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Noxious Weed Fact Sheet: Common Reed (Jan 2016; PDF | 338 KB)
Thurston County Noxious Weed Control (Washington).
Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Common Reed
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)
Aquatic Invasive Species in the Chesapeake Bay - Phragmites (Sep 2013; PDF | 134 KB)
Maryland Sea Grant.
Phragmites: Native or Not
Michigan State University Extension. Michigan Natural Features Inventory.
Introduced Species Summary Project - Common Reed
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide - Common Reed
Ohio State University. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.
Reed (PDF | 132 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Fact Sheet: Phragmites (PDF | 291 KB)
Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
AQUAPLANT - Common
Texas A&M University. AgriLife Extension Service. Department of Wildlife
and Fisheries Sciences.
Texas State University System. Institute for the Study of Invasive Species.
Invasive Species Fact Sheets - Common Reed
University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute.
Great Lakes Phragmites
Great Lakes Phragmites
BioBullies - Common
Reed (PDF | 1 MB)
Natural Biodiversity (Western Pennsylvania).
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Distinguishes between native and nonnative Phragmites.