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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Cane Toad
Aquatic Species
Species Profiles

Cane Toad

Cane Toad

Scientific name: Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758); formerly Bufo marinus (ITIS)

Common names: Cane toad, Giant toad, Marine toad, Giant marine toad, South American cane toad, Dominican toad, spring chicken (Belize)

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: South America, Central America, Mexico, and extreme southern Texas (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First introduced to Florida by 1936 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction: Originally introduced to control sugar cane pests; has also been accidentally and intentionally released by animal importers, zoos, and laboratories (NAS Database)

Impact: Preys on and competes with native species; highly toxic to predators (including pets) (NAS Database)

Current U.S. Distribution:




Selected Resources:


Invasive Species Compendium - Rhinella marina
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Rhinella marina (= Bufo marinus) (amphibian)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Bufo marinus - Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database - Rhinella marina [=Bufo marinus]
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

Giant Toad
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Bufo marinus
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

Cane Toad
Australia Department of the Environment.

Cane Toad
Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection (Australia).

Cane Toad
Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).

Cane Toad
Victoria Department of Environment and Primary Industries.


Nonnatives: Giant Toad
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


Florida Invader: Cane Toad
University of Florida. IFAS. Cooperative Extension Service.

Giant Toad - Frogs and Toads of Florida
University of Florida. IFAS. Florida Wildlife Extension.
Includes call of the Bufo marinus (.wav and .aiff files).

Animal Diversity Web - Rhinella marina
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Giant Marine Toad
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Bufo marinus -- Giant Toad
University of Texas - Austin. Texas Memorial Museum.


Cane Toads -- Bufo Marinus
Australian Museum.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Rhinella marina. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Rhinella marina. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

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Last Modified: Mar 20, 2015
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