Current State of Understanding about the Effectiveness of Ballast Water Exchange (BWE) in Reducing Aquatic Nonindigenous Species (ANS) Introductions to the Great Lakes Basin and Chesapeake Bay, USA: Synthesis and Analysis of Existing Information (Sep 2007; PDF | 4.5 MB)
Government Printing Office. Federal Depository Library
Program Electronic Collection Archive.
Compiled and Edited by: Gregory Ruiz and David Reid, NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-142.
Ballast Water Management to Combat Invasive Species (Updated Jun 20, 2007; PDF | 111 KB)
National Council for Science and the Environment. National Library for the Environment.
Congressional Research Service Report RL32344.
Ballast Water: Invasive Species
EPA. Wastewater Management.
Ballast Water Management in the Great Lakes Reduces the Introduction of Aquatic Invasive Species: Fisheries and Oceans Canada Study
Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
Invasive Species Program
California Department of Fish and Game. Office of Spill Prevention and Response.
Marine Invasive Species Program
California State Lands Commission.
Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources. Division of Aquatic Resources.
Ballast Water Frequently Asked Questions
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.
Vessel Discharge (Ballast Water) Program
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.
Ballast Water Discharges: Protecting New York's Waters from Invasive Species
New York Department of Environmental Conservation.
Ballast Water Program
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.
West Coast Ballast Outreach
University of California - Davis.
Ballast Water Background
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sea Grant. Center for Coastal Resources.
Ballast Water Management - Position Paper (Mar 2007; PDF | 58 KB)
American Association of Port Authorities.
European Maritime Safety Agency.
Global Ballast Water Management Programme (GloBallast)
International Maritime Organization. Global Environment Facility.
Provides full text monographs and other publications.
Great Ships Initiative
Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water (1996)
National Research Council. Committee on Ships' Ballast Operations.
Provides full text monograph.
Pacific Ballast Water Group
Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission.
Provides full text presentations.
Invasive Species in Ballast Water
Prince William Sound Regional Citizens' Advisory Council.