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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Wild Boar
Species Profiles

Wild Boar

Wild BoarScientific name: Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 (ITIS)

Common name: Wild boar, wild hog, feral pig, feral hog, Old World swine, razorback, Eurasian wild boar, Russian wild boar

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Means of Introduction: Imported as a food source and escaped from domestication or were intentionally released (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Impact: Damages native plants and crops and competes with native species (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1500s (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • National Feral Swine Mapping System (NFSMS)
    University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study; USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Veterinary Services.
    Map is updated on a monthly basis using date collected from state wildlife agencies and USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services.



Selected Resources:

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Wild Pigs
Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management.

Texas Invasives Database - Sus scrofa

Invasive Species Compendium - Sus scrofa
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Sus scrofa (mammal)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Feral Pig
PestSmart Connect (Australia).


Feral Swine
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Sus scrofa
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

The Feral Pig (Sus scrofa) Fact Sheet (2011; PDF | 1.21 MB)
Australia Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.

Feral Pig
Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (Australia).


Wild Pigs in Kentucky
Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.

Feral Swine
Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment.

Feral Hog
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Feral Swine
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Feral Swine in Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

Invasive Species - Feral Swine
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Feral Hogs
Texas Parks and Wildlife.

Feral Pig Control
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Feral Hogs
Note: Multistate collaboration with a variety of feral hog resources

Animal Diversity Web - Sus scrofa
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.

Wild Pig Info
Mississippi State University.

Feral Hogs in Missouri: Damage Prevention and Control
University of Missouri. Extension.

Feral Swine in Ohio: Managing Damage and Conflicts (2013; PDF | 803 KB)
Ohio State University Extension.

Coping with Feral Hogs
Texas A&M AgriLife Extension.


The Feral Hog in Oklahoma
Noble Foundation.
See also: Feral Hog Sign


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Sus scrofa. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Rouhe, A., and M. Sytsma. 2007. Feral Swine Action Plan for Oregon (PDF | 1.43 MB) Prepared for the Oregon Invasive Species Council by the Portland State University Center for Lakes and Reservoirs.

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Last Modified: Nov 18, 2015
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