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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Wild Boar
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Species Profiles

Wild Boar

Wild BoarScientific name: Sus scrofa Linnaeus

Common names: Wild boar, wild hog, feral pig, feral hog, Old World swine, razorback, Eurasian wild boar, Russian wild boar

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Eurasia (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1500s (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Means of Introduction: Imported as a food source and escaped from domestication or were intentionally released (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Impact: Damages native plants and crops and competes with native species (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Video: A Pickup Load of Pigs: The Feral Swine Pandemic (or click Play button below)
Mississippi State University; contains video trailer and 3 video segments: Part 1 – Natural History, Part 2 – Damage, Part 3 – Control

Current U.S. Distribution:

Management Plans: Animals / Feral Pigs

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Sus scrofa
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Sus scrofa - Taxonomy Browser
DHHS. NIH. National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Taxonomy

Feral/Wild Pigs: Potential Problems for Farmers and Hunters (Oct 2005; PDF | 184 KB)
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Sus scrofa Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Sus scrofa - Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

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State Government

Wild Pig - Georgia Wildlife Web
University of Georgia. Georgia Museum of Natural History; Georgia Department of Natural Resources.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Feral Swine
Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Controls; Legal Aspects

Feral Hog
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Habitat; Controls; Legal Aspects

Feral Swine
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls

Feral Swine in Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Pest Risk Assessment for Feral Pigs in Oregon (PDF | 3.66 MB)
Oregon Department of Fisheries and Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion

Feral Swine: A Compendium for Resource Managers - Proceedings of a Conference (1993)
Texas Agricultural Extension Service.
Published by: Texas Agricultural Extension Service; Texas Animal Damage Control Service; Texas Parks and Wildlife Department; USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Research; Legal Aspects; Special Note: A National Perspective on Feral Swine

Feral Pig - Mammals of Texas
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Nongame and Urban Program.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Habitat

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University/Academic

Sus scrofa
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Wild Pig Info
Mississippi State University.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Feral Hogs in Missouri: Damage Prevention and Control
University of Missouri. Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Wild Boar - Oklahoma Invasive Species
Oklahoma State University.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

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International

The Feral Pig (Sus scrofa) Fact Sheet
Australia Department of the Environment and Heritage. Invasive Species.
Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Sus scrofa - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Feral Pig
Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photograph; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Feral Pigs in Queensland - Pest Status Review Series (Mar 1998; PDF | 151 KB)
Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines (Australia).
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Feral pig or wild boar
Feral.org.au.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Sus scrofa (mammal) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Sus scrofa
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Wild Pigs
Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls; Legal Aspects

The Feral Hog in Oklahoma (Russell L. Stevens, Wildlife & Range Specialist)
Noble Foundation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Feral Hog Signs

Wild Hogs in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Smoky Mountain Mall.
Published by: DOI. Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls

Sus scrofa
TexasInvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Citations

Rouhe, A., and M. Sytsma. 2007. Feral Swine Action Plan for Oregon (PDF | 1.43 MB) Portland State University Center for Lakes and Reservoirs. Prepared for the Oregon Invasive Species Council.

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Last Modified: Mar 21, 2014
 
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