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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Russian Wheat Aphid
Species Profiles

Russian Wheat Aphid

Russian Wheat AphidScientific name: Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov)

Common name: Russian wheat aphid

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Native To: Eurasia (Shufran et al. 2007)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in Texas in 1986 (Michaud and Sloderbeck 2005)

Means of Introduction: Possibly arrived in wheat imported to Mexico from South Africa (Shufran et al. 2007)

Impact: Pest of wheat and barley (Shufran et al. 2007)

Current U.S. Distribution:


Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Russian Wheat Aphid
USDA. APHIS. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey. National Agricultural Pest Information System.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Alarm Pheromone Knocks Off Russian Wheat Aphids, Agricultural Research Magazine (Jul 2000)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

Natural Enemies of Russian Wheat Aphid Established in 6 States, Agricultural Research Service News (May 17, 2000)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

Diuraphis noxia Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

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State Government
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Aphids in Small Grains
Colorado State University. Cooperative Extension.
Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Controls

Small Grains: Russian Wheat Aphid - UC Pest Management Guidelines (Feb 2007)
University of California. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Controls

Russian Wheat Aphid - Identification Keys for Insect Pests in Pacific Northwest Field Crops
University of Idaho. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs

Russian Wheat Aphid: An introduced pest of small grains in the High Plains (May 2005; PDF | 326 KB)
Kansas State University. Cooperative Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Russian Wheat Aphid in Utah (PDF | 58 KB)
Utah State University. Extension Entomology.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls; Special Note: The Russian Wheat Aphid in Utah: An Update (PDF | 81 KB)

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Diuraphis noxia - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Exotic Pest Alert: Identification of Russian Wheat Aphid and associated crop damage (Oct 2011; PDF | 191 KB)
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts

Russian Wheat Aphid: An Exotic Threat to Western Australia (Reviewed Aug 2006; PDF | 163 KB)
Western Australia Department of Agriculture.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

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Russian Wheat Aphid
High Plains Integrated Pest Management.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Controls

Diuraphis noxia
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects


Michaud, J.P., and P.E. Sloderbeck. 2005. Russian wheat aphid: an introduced pest of small grains in the High Plains (PDF | 326 KB) Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service MF-2666.

Shufran, K.A., L.R. Kirkman, and G.J. Puterka. 2007. Absence of mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in Russian wheat aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) populations consistent with a single introduction into the United States. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 80(4):319-326.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
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