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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Pink Bollworm
Species Profiles

Pink Bollworm

Pink bollworm - Invasive.orgScientific name: Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders)

Common name: Pink bollworm

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Native To: Possibly the eastern Indian Ocean region (Henneberry and Naranjo 1998)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First detected in Texas in 1917 (Henneberry and Naranjo 1998)

Means of Introduction: Arrived from northern Mexico naturally or through infested shipments (Henneberry and Naranjo 1998)

Impact: Adults lay eggs on cotton bolls; once hatched, the larvae eat the seeds and damage the fibers of the cotton, reducing the yield and quality (Henneberry and Naranjo 1998)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Southwestern U.S.



Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Ousting Pink Bollworm From Cotton Fields (Nov 2002)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Photographs; Impacts; Controls

Bibliography of the Pink Bollworm
USDA. ARS. Arid-Land Agricultural Research Center.

Survey of Australian Parasitoids of Pink Bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella: a feasability study for biological control of this pest in the Southwestern USA (PDF | 862 KB)
USDA. ARS. Australian Biological Control Laboratory.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls; Research

Pectinophora gossypiella Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Evaluation of the Resistance Risks from Using 100% Bollgard and Bollgard II Cotton as Part of a Pink Bollworm Eradication Program in the State of Arizona (Oct 2006)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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State Government

Pink Bollworm: Program Details
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health and Pest Prevention Services.

Pink Bollworm
Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce. Division of Plant Industry.
Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

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Pink Bollworm Life Cycle - Pink Bollworm Management (PDF | 44 KB)
University of Arizona. Cooperative Extension.
Illustrations; Life Cycle

Pink Bollworm - UC Pest Management Guidelines (Jan 2008)
University of California. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Controls

Pink Bollworm Management in Texas (Dec 1994; PDF | 770 KB)
Texas A&M University. Texas Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls

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Pectinophora gossypiella - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Pink Bollworms
Cotton Catchment Communities CRC (Australia).
Photographs; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion

Pectinophora gossypiella (PDF | 186 KB)
Caribbean Pest Information Network.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Know Your Cotton Insect Pest: Pink Bollworm (Mar 2007; PDF | 2.04 MB)
India Ministry of Agriculture.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Controls

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Pink Bollworm - Galveston Bay Invasive Species Risk Assessment (PDF | 92 KB)
Galveston Bay Estuary Program.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Pink Bollworm Eradication
National Cotton Council.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls; Special Note: Pink Bollworm Eradication: A Window of Opportunity (Aug 2001; PDF | 410 KB)

Pink Bollworm - Handbook of Texas Online
Texas State Historical Association.
Introduction History; Life Cycle; Controls


Henneberry, T.J., and S.E. Naranjo. 1998. Integrated management approaches for pink bollworm in the southwestern United States. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 3(1):31-52.

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Last Modified: Jul 08, 2014
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