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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Oriental Fruit Fly
Species Profiles

Oriental Fruit Fly

Oriental fruit fly - Invasive.orgScientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) (ITIS)

Common name: Oriental fruit fly

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Selected Resources

Native To: First recorded in Taiwan (Shi et al. 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Introduced to Hawaii in the 1940s; several infestations in the continental U.S. have been discovered since then, but all have been eradicated (Weems and Heppner 2012)

Means of Introduction: Possibly introduced to Hawaii by U.S. military troops returning after World War II (Weems and Heppner 2012)

Impact: Destructive pest of fruits and vegetables (Weems and Heppner 2012)

Current U.S. Distribution:




Selected Resources:

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Citrus Pests - Bactrocera
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.
See also: Citrus Resource

Featured Creatures - Oriental fruit fly
University of Florida. Entomology and Nematology Department.

Invasive Species Compendium - Bactrocera dorsalis
CAB International.

Plantwise Knowledge Bank - Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)
CABI. Plantwise.

Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests - Bactrocera dorsalis (PDF | 63 KB)
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Federal Government

Hungry Pests: The Threat - Oriental Fruit Fly
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

State Government

Pest Profile - Oriental Fruit Fly
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.

Oriental Fruit Fly Information
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.


Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
University of Hawaii. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Integrated Pest Management Program.

Oriental Fruit Fly
Texas State University System. Institute for the Study of Invasive Species.


Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
Pest Fruit Flies of the World.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Bactrocera dorsalis. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Shi, W., C. Kerdelhue, and H. Ye. 2005. Population genetics of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Yunnan (China) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Environmental Entomology 34(4):977-983.

Weems, H.V., and J.B. Heppner. 2012. Featured Creatures - Oriental Fruit Fly. University of Florida, Entomology and Nematology Department. EENY-83.

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Last Modified: May 18, 2016
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