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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Mexican Fruit Fly
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Species Profiles

Mexican Fruit Fly

Mexican fruit fly - Invasive.orgScientific name: Anastrepha ludens (Loew)

Synonyms: Acrotoxa ludens, Anastrepha lathana, Trypeta ludens

Common name: Mexican fruit fly, Mexfly

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Native To: Mexico and Central America (Flitters and Messenger 1965)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First observed as a winter migrant in southern Texas in 1903, with infestations occurring beginning in 1927; it was first discovered outside of its usual range in 1954 (Flitters and Messenger 1965)

Means of Introduction: Migrates into southern Texas from Mexico; may be introduced to other areas through the movement of infested fruit (Aluja 1994; Thomas 2004)

Impact: Larvae attack at least 60 varieties of fruit, particularly citrus and mangoes (Thomas 2004)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Quarantine:

Images:

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Anastrepha ludens
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Anastrepha ludens Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Fruit Flies
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Impacts; Controls; Legal Aspects

Anastrepha ludens
USDA. APHIS. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey. National Agricultural Pest Information System.
Photographs; Distribution; Special Note: Recent News

Mexican Fruit Fly
USDA. APHIS. Hungry Pests.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

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State Government

Mexican Fruit Fly Pest Profile
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health and Pest Prevention Services.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

Mexican Fruit Fly Project
California Department of Pesticide Regulation.
Controls

Pest Alert - Mexican Fruit Fly
Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Special Note: Exotic Fruit Fly Pests

Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew) (Nov/Dec 1998; PDF | 143 KB)
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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University/Academic

Mexican Fruit Fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Mexican Fruit Fly - Featured Creatures
University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences; Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

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International

Anastrepha ludens - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Anastrepha ludens (PDF | 109 KB)
Caribbean Pest Information Network.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Anastrepha ludens - Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests (PDF | 38 KB)
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Mexican fruit fly
Pests and Diseases Image Library (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

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Organizations

Anastrepha ludens (Loew)
Pest Fruit Flies of the World.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Distribution

Citations

Aluja, M. 1994. Bionomics and management of Anastrepha. Annual Review of Entomology 39:155-178.

Flitters, N.E., and P.S. Messenger. 1965. Effect of temperature and humidity on development and potential distribution of the Mexican fruit fly in the United States. USDA Technical Bulletin 1330.

Thomas, D.B. 2004. Hot peppers as a host for the Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Florida Entomologist 87(4):603-608.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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