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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Formosan Subterranean Termite
Species Profiles

Formosan Subterranean Termite

Formosan Subterranean TermiteScientific name: Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, 1909 (ITIS)

Common name: Formosan subterranean termite, ground termites

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Selected Resources

Native To: China (Hu 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1960s (Messenger et al. 2002)

Means of Introduction: Arrived accidentally on ships from the Pacific (Messenger et al. 2002)

Impact: Competes with native species; causes structural damage to buildings (Hu 2003)

Current U.S. Distribution: Primarily in the Southeast U.S.



Selected Resources:

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Featured Creatures - Formosan Subterranean Termite
University of Florida. Entomology and Nematology Department.

Texas Invasives Database - Coptotermes formosanus

Invasive Species Compendium - Coptotermes formosanus
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Coptotermes formosanus (insect)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.



Formosan Subterranean Termite (Coptotermes formosanus) (PDF | 283 KB)
County of Los Angeles (California). Agricultural Commissioner. Weights and Measures.


The Formosan Subterranean Termite in Georgia
University of Georgia - Griffin. Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Urban Pest Management Program.

The Formosan Subterranean Termite
University of Georgia. BugwoodWiki.

Formosan Subterranean Termites
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. Research and Extension.

Formosan Subterranean Termite
Texas A&M University. Center for Urban and Structural Entomology.


Formosan subterranean termite
Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area.


Hu, X.P. 2003. Formosan Subterranean Termites. Alabama Cooperative Extension System. ANR-135.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Coptotermes formosanus. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Messenger, M.T., N.Y. Su, and R.H. Scheffrahn. 2002. Current distribution of the Formosan subterranean termite and other termite species in Louisiana (PDF | 103 KB). Florida Entomologist 84(5):580-587.

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Last Modified: Nov 18, 2015
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