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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / European Starling
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Species Profiles

European Starling

European StarlingScientific name: Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758 (ITIS)

Common name: European starling, common starling, English starling

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Fofonoff et al. 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1890 (Fofonoff et al. 2003)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as part of a plan to introduce to the U.S. all birds mentioned in the works of Shakespeare (Fofonoff et al. 2003)

Impact: Competes with native species; destroys crops (Fofonoff et al. 2003)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Entire U.S.

Images:

Selected Resources:

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Partnership

European Starling - AgNIC Wildlife Damage Management
USDA. APHIS. Wildlife Services. National Wildlife Research Center and Colorado State Universities Libraries.

European Starlings and Their Control
Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management.

Texas Invasives Database - Sturnus vulgaris
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Sturnus vulgaris
CAB International.

Common starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Feral.org.au.

Global Invasive Species Database - Sturnus vulgaris (bird)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Government

National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS): Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database - Sturnus vulgaris
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Sturnus vulgaris
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

European Starling - Forest Health Care (PDF | 67 KB)
Toronto Parks and Recreation (Canada). Urban Forestry Services.

State

European Starling
Missouri Department of Conservation.

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

Tennessee's Birds: European Starling
Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.

Living with Wildlife: Starlings (2004; PDF | 588 KB)
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Academic

Florida's Introduced Birds: European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Animal Diversity Web - Sturnus vulgaris
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.

Starling Management in Agriculture (Aug 1998; PDF | 692 KB)
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.
Note: Economics of Damage and Control

European Starling - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

European Starling
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. All About Birds.
Note: Nesting Behavior

European Starling - Texas Breeding Bird Atlas
Texas A&M University. AgriLife Extension Service.

Professional

Citations

Fofonoff, P.W., G.M. Ruiz, B. Steves, A.H. Hines, and J.T. Carlton. 2003. Sturnus vulargis. National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System: Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Sturnus vulgaris. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

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Last Modified: Feb 24, 2015
 
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