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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / European Spruce Bark Beetle
Species Profiles

European Spruce Bark Beetle

European spruce bark beetle - Invasive.orgScientific name: Ips typographus L. (Cognato and Sun 2007)

Common name: European spruce bark beetle

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Selected Resources

Native To: Europe and Asia (Wood and Bright 1992)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Not currently established in the U.S. (Økland et al. 2011)

Means of Introduction: Intercepted in packing crates and unprocessed wood items at ports (Haack 2001)

Impact: An outbreak in Germany at the end of World War II resulted in a loss of 30 million cubic meters of spruce. More recently an outbreak in Norway and Sweden between 1970 and 1982 following an episode of high winds resulted in a loss of 7 million cubic meters of spruce (Speight and Wainhouse 1989). If introduced into North America it could invade the forests of the northern U.S. and Canada. (Eglitis 2006)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

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Invasive Species Compendium - Ips typographus
CAB International.

Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests - Ips typographus (PDF | 42 KB)
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Exotic Forest Pest Information System (ExFor) - Ips typographus
North American Forest Commission. Insect and Disease Study Group.

Global Invasive Species Database - Ips typographus (insect)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


European Spruce Bark Beetle - Ips typographus L.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

European Spruce Bark Beetle
Natural Resources Canada and Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Forest Invasive Alien Species.



European spruce bark beetle - Invasive Species Factsheets (Feb 2010; PDF | 1.35 MB)
Michigan State University. Integrated Pest Management Program; Michigan Department of Agriculture.

European Spruce Bark Beetle
Purdue University. Indiana Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey Program.


Possible New Introduction: European Spruce Bark Beetle
Bugwood Network. Bark and Wood Boring Beetles of the World.
See also: European Spruce Bark Beetle Screening Aid


Cognato, A.I., and J.H. Sun. 2007. DNA based cladograms augment the discovery of a new Ips species from China (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) Cladistics 23(6):539-551.

Eglitis, A. 2006. Ips typographus. North American Forest Commission. Insect and Disease Study Group. Exotic Forest Pest Information System.

Haack, R.A. 2001. Intercepted Scolytidae at U.S. ports of entry: 1985-2000 (PDF | 195 KB). Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6(3) 253-282.

Økland, B., N. Erbilgin, O. Skarpaas, E. Christiansen, and B. Långström. 2011. Inter-species interactions and ecosystem effects of non-indigenous invasive and native tree-killing bark beetles. Biological Invasions 13(5):1151-1164.

Wood, S.L. and D.E. Bright. 1992. A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Part 2: Taxonomic Index. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir 13, 1553 pp.

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Last Modified: Mar 20, 2015
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