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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / European Spruce Bark Beetle
Species Profiles

European Spruce Bark Beetle

European spruce bark beetle - Invasive.orgScientific name: Ips typographus L.

Common name: European spruce bark beetle

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Native To: Europe and Asia (Wood and Bright 1992)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Not currently established in the U.S. (Økland et al. 2011)

Means of Introduction: Intercepted in packing crates and unprocessed wood items at ports (Haack 2001)

Impact: An outbreak in Germany at the end of World War II resulted in a loss of 30 million cubic meters of spruce. More recently an outbreak in Norway and Sweden between 1970 and 1982 following an episode of high winds resulted in a loss of 7 million cubic meters of spruce (Speight and Wainhouse 1989). If introduced into North America it could invade the forests of the northern U.S. and Canada. (Eglitis 2006)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Ips typographus Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

European Spruce Bark Beetle - Invasive Species Pest Risk Maps
USDA. FS. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
Impacts; Distribution

Ips typographus
North American Forest Commission. Exotic Forest Pest Information System.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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State Government


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European Spruce Bark Beetle
Purdue University. Indiana Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey Program.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

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Field Guide to Exotic Pests and Diseases: European Spruce Bark Beetle
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

Ips typographus - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

European Spruce Bark Beetle - Ips typographus L.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Legal Aspects

Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests: Ips typographus (PDF | 42 KB)
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: Bibliography

Ips typographus - Eight toothed European Spruce Bark Beetle (PDF | 1.9 MB)
Great Britain Forestry Commission. Forestry Research Co-ordination Committee.
Identification/Description; Photographs

European Spruce Bark Beetle
Natural Resources Canada and Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Forest Invasive Alien Species.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle

European spruce bark beetle
Pests and Diseases Image Library (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs

Ips typographus (insect) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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European Spruce Bark Beetle - The Atlas of Forest Insect Pests (1996)
Produced by: The Polish Forest Research Institute.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls

Possible New Introduction: European Spruce Bark Beetle
Bugwood Network. Bark and Wood Boring Beetles of the World.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Special Note: See also European Spruce Bark Beetle Screening Aid

Ecology and Management of the Spruce Bark Beetle Ips typographus - A Review of Recent Research (Jun 2004; PDF | 235 KB)
Forest Ecology and Management Journal.
Impacts; Habitat; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls


Eglitis, A. 2006. Ips typographus. USDA Forest Service.

Haack, R.A. 2001. Intercepted Scolytidae at U.S. ports of entry: 1985-2000 (PDF | 195 KB). Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6(3) 253-282.

Økland, B., N. Erbilgin, O. Skarpaas, E. Christiansen, and B. Långström. 2011. Inter-species interactions and ecosystem effects of non-indigenous invasive and native tree-killing bark beetles. Biological Invasions 13(5):1151-1164.

Wood, S.L. and D.E. Bright. 1992. A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Part 2: Taxonomic Index. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir 13, 1553 pp.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
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