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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / European Gypsy Moth
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Species Profiles

European Gypsy Moth

European Gypsy MothScientific name: Lymantria dispar Linnaeus

Common names: Gypsy moth, European gypsy moth

Click image to enlarge

USDA Announces New Outreach Campaign to Prevent the Spread of Gypsy Moth (PDF | 42 KB) (Apr 28, 2011)
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
The new outreach campaign, "Your Move Gypsy Moth-Free," designed to stop the accidental spread of gypsy moth by people moving or traveling from moth-infested areas to uninfested areas.

Historical Gypsy Moth Publications
USDA. ARS. National Agricultural Library.
This collection of publications in NAL's Digital Repository provides access to and addresses a number of topics concerning the gypsy and the related brown-tail moths, from biological control methods to tree banding to quarantine practices. The bulk of the documents were published from 1891 to 1923 by various agencies in the area of the initial infestation, including the State Board of Agriculture for Massachusetts, New York, and Rhode Island, but also include some more modern USDA publications.

Native To: Europe (Liebhold 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1869 (Smithsonian 1999)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: Gypsy Moths Decimate Forests (CBS News) (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Imported for silk production (Smithsonian 1999)

Impact: Defoliates trees (Smithsonian 1999)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federal Quarantine:

Management Plans: Animals / Gypsy Moth

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

European Gypsy Moth
USDA. APHIS. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey. National Agricultural Pest Information System.
Photographs; Distribution; Special Note: Links to other sites

European Gypsy Moth
USDA. APHIS. Hungry Pests.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Gypsy Moth - Integrated Pest Management Manual
DOI. National Park Service.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects; Special Notes: Response to Environmental Factors; Monitoring and Thresholds for Gypsy Moths and excellent references section

Gypsy Moths - BugInfo Information Sheets
Smithsonian Institution.
Taxonomy; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Gypsy Moth Research - TEKTRAN database
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Research

Lymantria dispar Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Gypsy Moth
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Gypsy Moth Program Manual (May 2008-Second Edition; PDF | 2.5 MB)

Gypsy Moth, Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 162 and Pest Alert: Gypsy Moth (PDF | 1.76 MB)
USDA. Forest Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Gypsy Moth Slow the Spread Foundation
USDA. Forest Service and APHIS.
Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Survey maps

Research Work Unit NE-4557: Disturbance Ecology and Management of Oak-Dominated Forests
USDA. FS. Northeastern Forest Experiment Station.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Natural Enemies, Map of Distribution of Susceptible Forests in the U.S., and An Atlas of Historical Gypsy Moth Defoliation & Quarantined Areas in the U.S.

Gypsy Moth Digest
USDA. FS. State and Private Forestry.
Distribution; Dispersion; Special Note: Extensive statistical data on defoliation, eradication, suppression, and costs; Defoliation, Infestation, and Regulated/Transition Area maps

Lymantria dispar - Taxonomy Browser
DHHS. NLM. National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Taxonomy; Special Note: Nucleotide and Protein Sequences

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State Government

2010 Arkansas Gypsy Moth Report
Arkansas State Plant Board.
Distribution; Controls

Gypsy Moth Pest Profile
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Impacts; Distribution

Gypsy Moth
Illinois Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

Gypsy Moth
Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Entomology and Plant Pathology.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

Gypsy Moth Unit
Minnesota Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Gypsy Moth Control
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Introduction History; Impacts; Monitoring

Gypsy Moth Program
North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Plant Industry Division. Plant Protection Section. Entomological Services.
Controls

Gypsy Moth
Ohio Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Status of the Gypsy Moth in Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Forestry.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

Gypsy Moth Detection and Eradication Program in Oregon
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Insect Pest Prevention and Management.
Controls

Gypsy Moth
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Forestry.
Identification/Description; Impacts

Gypsy Moth Suppression
Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant and Pest Services.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Gypsy Moth
West Virginia Division of Forestry.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

Gypsy Moth
Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Gypsy Moth
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Forest Health Protection.
Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Gypsy Moth in Wisconsin
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Alien Profile: Gypsy Moth - EEK! Environmental Education for Kids
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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University/Academic

Gypsy Moth Northeastern Illinois Reporting Site
University of Illinois. Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Gypsy Moth in Indiana
Purdue University. Entomology. Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

European Gypsy Moth
University of Kentucky. Entomology.
Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

European Gypsy Moth - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Gypsy Moth in Virginia
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Agriculture and Life Sciences.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: Gypsy Moth Slide Carousel (of all life stages), International Gypsy Moth Contact List, and Feeding Preferences of Gypsy Moth Caterpillars

Gypsy Moth Classroom Activities
University of Wisconsin - River Falls. Agricultural Education Department.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Teacher and Student Guidelines and a Gypsy Moth PowerPoint Presentation

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International

Lymantria dispar - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Gypsy Moth - Forest Pest Leaflet (PDF | 502 KB)
Canadian Forest Service. Pacific Forestry Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Gypsy Moth in British Columbia
British Columbia Ministry of Forests (Canada).
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Lymantria dispar (insect) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Lymantria dispar
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Gypsy Moth
Invasive.org.
Photographs; Special Note: Resources

Citations

Liebhold, S. 2003. U.S. Forest Service. Gypsy Moth Around the World.

Smithsonian Institution. Department of Systematic Biology, Entomology Section, National Museum of Natural History. 1999. BugInfo: Gypsy Moth. Information Sheet 36.

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Last Modified: Apr 16, 2014
 
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