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Economic Impacts

Provides national and international resources for the economic impacts of invasive animal species. See Economic Impacts - National and Economic Impacts - International for general resources and other species.


Losses to Mid-Atlantic Apple Growers at $37 Million from Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Apr 12, 2011)
U.S. Apple Association.
Mid-Atlantic apple growers lost $37 million last year from damage caused by the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) to the 2010 apple crop, according to an estimate released by the U.S. Apple Association (USApple). The damage estimate was developed at the request of federal scientists researching ways to control the newly invasive pest.

Cost Analysis and Biological Ramifications for Implementing the Gypsy Moth Slow the Spread Program (2008)
USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.

Cost of Potential Emerald Ash Borer Damage in U.S. Communities, 2009-2019
Kovacs, K.F., et al. 2009. Ecological Economics. 69: 569-578.
Scientists' estimate of the discounted cost of treatment, removal, and replacement in response to EAB infestation over a 10-year horizon from 2009–2019 is $10.7 billion.

Economic Cost of Stink Bugs (Sep 17, 2011)
C-SPAN. Video Library.
C-SPAN interviews ARS Program Leader Kevin Hackett, IPM Working Group leader Tracy Leskey about the agricultural impact of the pest and the federal response.

Economic Impacts of Pink Hibiscus Mealybug in Florida and the United States (Dec 2004; PDF | 99 KB)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Gypsy Moth Digest: Suppression Costs
USDA. Forest Service.

Human Conflicts with Wildlife: Economic Considerations
USDA. APHIS. Wildlife Services. National Wildlife Research Center
Third National Wildlife Research Center Symposium
Aug 1-3, 2000
Fort Collins, Colorado

Linking Risk and Economic Assessments in the Analysis of Plant Pest Regulations: The Case of U.S. Imports of Mexican Avocados (Oct 2006)
USDA. Economic Research Service.
Contractor and Cooperator Report No. (CCR-25)

Preliminary assessment of the potential impacts and risks of the invasive cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum Berg, in the U.S. and Mexico (Apr 25, 2005; PDF | 744 KB)
International Atomic Energy Agency.

Economic Impacts of Non-Native Forest Insects in the Continental United States / News Release - Study Finds that Local Government, Home Owners Are Paying for Damages Caused by Non-native Forest Insects (Sep 9, 2011)
USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.
Non-native, wood-boring insects such as the emerald ash borer and the Asian longhorned beetle are costing an estimated $1.7 billion in local government expenditures and approximately $830 million in lost residential property values every year, according to study by a research team that included scientists with the U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station. This study provides the most comprehensive estimates of the costs of non-native forest insects that are currently available for the U.S.

The Economic Cost of Large Constrictor Snakes (Jan 2012; PDF | 687 KB)
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in partnership with many organizations, has spent more than $6 million since 2005 finding and applying solutions to the growing problem of Burmese pythons and other large invasive constrictor snakes in Florida. For more information, see Rule Making to List Four Constrictor Snake Species Under the Lacey Act: Final Economic Analysis (Jan 12, 2012; PDF | 687 KB).

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Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia (2004)
Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre (Australia).

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Last Modified: Nov 05, 2015
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