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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Brown Tree Snake
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Species Profiles

Brown Tree Snake

Brown tree snakeScientific name: Boiga irregularis (Merrem, 1802) (ITIS)

Common name: Brown tree snake

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Native To: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (Colvin et al. 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First detected in Guam in the 1950s (Colvin et al. 2005)

Means of Introduction: Likely arrived in Guam accidentally in imported cargo (Colvin et al. 2005)

Impact: Preys on native lizards and birds (Colvin et al. 2005); causes frequent power outages by climbing on electrical wires (Colvin et al. 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Guam (not currently established in the continental U.S.)

Federally Regulated:

  • Listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import, export, or transport between States without a permit (DOI, Fish and Wildlife Service)

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Council

Brown Tree Snake
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Brown Tree Snake
Hawaii Invasive Species Council.

Partnership

Texas Invasives Database - Boiga irregularis
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Boiga irregularis
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Boiga irregularis (reptile)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Government

Brown Tree Snake Program
Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands. Division of Fish and Wildlife.

Brown Tree Snake (Mar/Apr 2010)
DOI. FWS. Office of Law Enforcement.

Updates in Brown Tree Snake Research
DOI. USGS. Fort Collins Science Center.

Brown Tree Snake Research at NWRC
USDA. APHIS. National Wildlife Research Center.

Brown Tree Snake: An Invasive Reptile (Jan 2011; PDF | 168 KB)
USDA. APHIS. Wildlife Services.

State

Brown Tree Snake Program
Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Academic

Introduced Species Summary Project - Brown Tree Snake
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Professional

Brown tree snake
Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area.

Wanted: Brown Tree Snake (PDF | 99 KB)
Moanalua Gardens Foundation (Hawaii).

North American Brown Tree Snake Control Team
North American Brown Tree Snake Control Team.

Citations

Colvin, B.A., M.W. Fall, L.A. Fitzgerald, L.L. Loope, 2005. Review of Brown Treesnake Problems and Control Programs: Report of Observations and Recommendations (PDF | 262 KB). U.S. Department of Interior, Office of Insular Affairs. Brown Treesnake Control Committee.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Boiga irregularis. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

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Last Modified: Mar 20, 2015
 
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