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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Brown Tree Snake
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Species Profiles

Brown Tree Snake

Brown tree snakeScientific name: Boiga irregularis

Common name: Brown tree snake

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Report to the Congress: Control of the Brown Tree Snake (BTS) (Aug 2008; PDF | 68 KB)
DOD. Armed Forces Pest Management Board.
Submitted by The Office of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Installations and Environment)

Native To: Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (Colvin et al. 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First detected in Guam in the 1950s (Colvin et al. 2005)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: Threat of the Brown Tree Snake (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Likely arrived in Guam accidentally in imported cargo (Colvin et al. 2005)

Impact: Preys on native lizards and birds (Colvin et al. 2005); causes frequent power outages by climbing on electrical wires (Colvin et al. 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution: Guam (not currently established in the continental U.S.)

Federally Regulated: Listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import, export, or transport between States without a permit (DOI, Fish and Wildlife Service)

Management Plans: Animals / Brown Tree Snake

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Brown Tree Snake Control Plan (PDF | 185 KB)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
Controls; Special Note: References

Review of Brown Treesnake Problems and Control Programs (Mar 2005; PDF | 262 KB)
DOI. United States Geological Survey.
Impacts; Controls

The Brown Treesnake on Guam
DOI. USGS. Fort Collins Science Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Boiga irregularis
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

U.S. Code: Title 16, Section 4728: Brown Tree Snake Control Program
United States Code; Cornell University. Legal Information Institute.
Legal Aspects

No Escape from Guam: Stopping the Spread of the Brown Tree Snake (PDF | 110 KB)
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls

Brown Tree Snake Research at NWRC
USDA. APHIS. National Wildlife Research Center.
Photographs; Research

An Overview of the Biology of the Brown Tree Snake, a Costly Introduced Pet on Pacific Islands (PDF | 3 MB)
USDA. APHIS. National Wildlife Research Center.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Special Note: References

Candidate Repellants, Oral & Dermal Toxicants, & Fumigants for Brown Tree Snake Control (1999; PDF | 527 KB)
USDA. APHIS. National Wildlife Research Center.
Controls

Effectiveness of the Detector Dogs Used for Deterring the Dispersal of Brown Tree Snakes (PDF | 852 KB)
USDA. APHIS. National Wildlife Research Center.
Controls

Feasibility of Controlling Brown Tree Snake in Small Plots (1999; PDF | 774)
USDA. APHIS. National Wildlife Research Center.
Controls

Managing Island Biotas: Brown Tree Snake Control Using Barrier Technology (PDF | 861 KB)
USDA. APHIS. National Wildlife Research Center.
Controls

Boiga irregularis Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

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State Government

Brown Tree Snake Program
Hawaii Department of Agriculture.
Photographs; Impacts

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University/Academic

Brown tree snake - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

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International

Boiga irregularis - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Brown Tree Snake Program
Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands. Division of Fish and Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Controls

Boiga irregularis (reptile) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

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Organizations

Brown tree snake
Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Brown treesnake, aka BTS
Hawaii Invasive Species Partnership.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts

Wanted: Brown Tree Snake (PDF | 99 KB)
Moanalua Gardens Foundation (Hawaii).
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts

North American Brown Tree Snake Control Team
North American Brown Tree Snake Control Team.
Identification/Description; Habitat; Life Cycle; Legal Aspects

Boiga irregularis
TexasInvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls;

Citations

Colvin, B.A., M.W. Fall, L.A. Fitzgerald, L.L. Loope, 2005. Review of Brown Treesnake Problems and Control Programs: Report of Observations and Recommendations (PDF | 262 KB). U.S. Department of Interior, Office of Insular Affairs. Brown Treesnake Control Committee.

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Last Modified: Feb 11, 2014
 
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